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Can Dry Eye Damage My Cornea

Dry eye syndrome is uncomfortable and can vary daily, depending on lifestyle, diet, environment, and other factors. It may even impact the cornea, which can affect vision. Let's examine the common signs and symptoms, so you can make the most skillful decisions to manage your health.

The cornea

It's a susceptible, clear structure located in the front of the eyes, essential for letting in light and helping the eyes focus. The tear film is vital for keeping this moist. Dry eyes could lead to a corneal abrasion, erosion, or ulcer.

Corneal Abrasion

It's a scratch on the most superficial layer of the cornea. Having dry eyes is a risk factor that can be exasperated by rubbing the eyes. Beyond the usual dry eye symptoms of red, painful, tearing eyes, you may also feel a foreign body sensation, blurry vision, or sensitivity to light. Treatment may include prescription eye drops and a bandage or contact lens. It's essential to consult with a specialist if you suspect a corneal abrasion.

Corneal Erosion

If you have dry eyes, you are at a greater risk of the cornea's surface layer becoming loose from the other layers and developing corneal erosion. If you notice any sudden pain or blurry vision, primarily upon waking up, check your eyes as soon as possible. Treatment is similar to corneal abrasion and may include removing the loose epithelium, an eye patch, and moisturizing drops.

Corneal Ulcer

This is an open wound on the cornea, which an eye infection, injury, or problems with contact lenses can cause. Symptoms may include the usual redness and pain, blurry vision, light sensitivity, foreign body sensation, discharge, or swelling. It is essential to see a doctor if you suspect a corneal ulcer.

With dry eye, it can be a slippery slope toward other severe conditions of the eye, especially ones that impact the cornea. It's a great idea to treat dry eyes before it gets worse. We highly recommend a doctor's visit if you suspect any of these corneal issues.

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